Diet or diet is using nutrition to treat and prevent exacerbation of chronic diseases, that is proper nutrition in various diseases.
Medical food in certain diseases.
In gastritis with high acidity recommended diet number 1.
Food for these patients is cooked in water or steamed, prepared with well-boiled or mashed form. Very useful vegetables, fruits, bread. Excluded from the diet meat, fish, mushroom broths and gravies, broths, vegetables (especially cabbage), all kinds of spicy, sour foods and products, hot spices, fried foods,raw vegetables, fruit, coarse bread, pastry, pancakes, etc. the Vitamins are added in the form of broth hips, sweet berry raw juice, raw potato juice, as well as pharmaceutical drugs vitamins. Moderately salted food. It is recommended to eat 5 times a day.
Gastritis with insufficient acidity recommended diet number 2.
You can make a variety of soups, meat,fish, mushroom and vegetable gravy and sour fruit juices, fried foods (hard cover), snacks such as chopped herring, grated cheese. Temperature of hot meals should be around 60 degrees, cold not below 10 degrees (the temperature recommended for most diets). Food is cooked in a shabby or well-shredded, salted is fine. It is recommended to eat at least 4 times a day.
The diet in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer depends on the condition of the patient.
During periods of satisfactory health of the sick, you can use the above diet number 1. During periods of acute illness the diet of the patient should be agreed with your doctor. Sometimes of the diet of the patient for 1-2 weeks completely exclude vegetables in any form and fruit, and bread substitute a small amount of crackers.
With constipation we recommend diet №3.
Assigned bread from wheat flour, raw vegetables and fruits and vegetable and fruit dishes. Excite the activity of the intestine and contribute to its emptying of various sugar products (honey, sugar, jam, milk sugar). In the diet include yogurt, kefir, etc. lactic acid products. Sour milk products must be fresh (one-day yogurt, kefir No. 1 in which all the sugar produced ethanol). Recommended pickled and salted vegetables and fruits. Vegetable oils contribute to bowel movements. You can mix 1-2 tablespoons of olive oil with a glass of buttermilk and take in the day. Recommended in the morning on an empty stomach to drink the sweet cold water with prunes or raisins, dried apricots (cold honey water). It is necessary to limit the consumption of products that have gentle or astringent: jelly, cocoa, strong tea, blueberries. Of course, this diet is suitable for ordinary constipation. If constipation is a consequence of irritable bowel syndrome, it needs an individual approach,depending on condition and complaints of the patient.
For chronic colitis in the acute stage recommended diet number 4.
Of the diet exclude fruits and vegetables, and fresh milk. Instead of bread crumbs gets sick. All meals are prepared in the form of a shabby, boiled in water or steamed. The amount of fat in the diet substantially reduced (40-50 g per day), hot spices are excluded. Vitamins you want to add a decoction of rose hips and vitamin preparations. It is recommended to eat 4 times a day in small portions. Pickle dishes should be in moderation. In the period of satisfactory health recommended diet number 2, significantly limiting or completely eliminating from the diet of fresh whole milk (which is used only in diluted form). Instead of milk recommended milk products: the three-day yogurt, acidophilus yogurt. In some forms of colitis accompanied by diarrhea, the advice of a physician 1-2 day (in bed mode) Apple diet: 5 times a day 250-300g of ripe raw apples in a shabby (peeled and seed boxes).
In diseases of the liver and biliary tract is recommended diet number 5.
The diet included foods that promote the excretion of fat from the liver (cod, dairy products, especially curd), vegetables, fruits, and vegetable oil. In the diet restrict the balls, brains, meat, fish and mushroom broths, gravies and soups, animal fats, except for a small amount of butter. Fried foods are eliminated; food is prepared in a boiled or baked form; meat and fish can be baked after pre-boiling. You should avoid very cold dishes. Salting food can normally (during exacerbation salt limited). Food it is recommended to take at least 4, better 5 times a day. During exacerbation of diseases of the liver and gall bladder, accompanied by gastritis, cuisine diet №5 is prepared in a shabby, from the diet eliminates raw vegetables and fruits,black bread, all dishes are boiled or steamed in water (do not bake).
Kidney disease is recommended diet №7/10.
The amount of protein reduce the doctor in the first place by limiting meat, fish and eggs. Because proteins are preferred proteins are milk and milk products. Restricted fluid intake (up to 1l per day) and salt (up to the preparation of all foods without salt and use the bread without salt). Eating recommended equal portions 4-5 times a day. In some forms of kidney disease (nephrosis) the amount of protein in the diet is not only not limited, but is growing. Therefore, the nutrition of the renal patient must be under the guidance of a doctor. Kidney disease intermittently for 1-2 days are so called. fasting days in the form of a vegetable and fruit diet: 1 liter of juice or 1.2-1.5 kg fruit 1.2-1.5 kg not salty vegetable salad with sour cream (50g) per day.
With heart disease in the phase of compensation, t Zn. saved health recommended diet number 5.
But it is necessary to limit fluid, sparingly use salt. Eating should be at least 5 times a day in small portions. Periodically on the advice of a doctor is recommended to arrange fasting days.
Diet for hypertension.
Limit the consumption of salt, meat, fish and mushroom broths, soups and gravies, as well as liquids. Recommended days (Apple, liquid), which are held in conditions of bed rest.
In atherosclerosis, the recommended diet number 5.
From the diet exclude foods that contain a lot of substances – cholesterol (egg yolks, brains, lard); limit the use of butter due to the inclusion in the diet of vegetable oil; recommended dairy products, saltwater fish (cod,salmon), contain iodine, and soy beans that help dissolve cholesterol and eliminate it from the body. Very useful vegetables, fruits, wholemeal bread.
In tuberculosis we recommend diet №11.
With a high content of animal protein: milk and dairy products, meat, fish. The diet should include foods that contain vitamin C – vegetables,fruit, broth hips, b vitamins - liver, yeast drinks; calcium – cheese, cheese. This diet is indicated for anemia, weight loss after surgeries and after an illness.
Diet in diabetes.
Diet conducted individually only as directed by a physician. In the diet restricts the carbohydrates (to a certain extent, and fats) than decreases the volume of diet. Therefore, additional serves of specially processed vegetables: salad greens, cabbage; a bread with a high content of bran (soaked in boiling water and running water, dried). It is recommended to eat at least 4 times a day.
Diet in obesity.
Limit the consumption of carbohydrates and, to a lesser extent fat. When obesity need to take food which consists mainly of vegetables with a significant volume, have little caloric value and promotes satiety, at least 5 times a day in small portions, to avoid the increased appetite. With the same purpose, avoid spicy, spicy food. Limit the amount of fluid and salt.
Diet in diseases of the pancreas.
Meals should be frequent and small in volume (300 g). When failure of a diet low in fat content (30-40 g/day) is mandatory, even if used in the treatment of pancreatic enzymes. Used vegetable fats that are well tolerated by patients. In the diet, even when the violation should prevail carbohydrate of high molecular weight polysaccharides and proteins 80-120 g/day. Day from the beginning of the attack. 0-3 day. Prescribed hunger in the first 1-3 days of an exacerbation. Possible indications for parenteral nutrition of antacids and degassed alkaline mineral water (every 2 hours ). Day 4. You can: To start with mucous soups, pureed liquid milk porridge, vegetable purees and jellies from fruit juice. Possible weak tea, mineral water, broth hips. Not: Broths, fatty meats and fish, lamb, pork, goose, duck, sturgeon, fried foods, raw vegetables,fruits, meats, sausages, cheese, butter flour, pastry, brown bread, ice cream, alcohol, spices, spices, vegetable oil, sugar, salt, whole milk. 4-7 day. Can The same as in the early days. And you can also add crackers, meat and fish low-fat varieties, steam protein omelet, fresh curd is not sour, steam puddings. Unsalted butter in dishes (10 g/day), and baked apples. Jelly, mousse on the sorbitol. Not: The same as in the early days. 6-10 day. You can: Gradual inclusion of the expansion of the diet, the increase in volume and caloric intake. Sugar can be increase to 30 g/day, salt 5 g/day butter 30 g/day of the finished dish. Not: The same as before. 10-15 days. You can: Add low-fat dairy products -- yogurt, kefir, soft-boiled egg. Not: The same. 15-60 day (the whole period of remission). You can: The same products as in the worsening of the dishes can be less forgiving. Pureed soups replace conventional vegetarian, cereals can be more dense, pasta, raw vegetables, fruits, mild soups, boiled sausage, boiled meat pieces, roasted fish. In a small amount of can sour cream and cream in the dishes, yogurt – not sour. Salt to 6 g per day. Impossible: Fats pure, pungent, sour, spicy, canned food, meat broth, ice cream, coffee, chocolate, Fava beans, sorrel, spinach, radishes, mushrooms, sour apples, lemons, cranberries, cherries, currants, sour juices, alcohol, carbonated drinks, kvass, products from fancy pastry.